Foundation English Outline

Major topics/units to be covered (Summary of Course Content)


Unit 1: Grammar: Parts of Speech; Tenses; Concord; Sentences (6 hours)


Student Learning Outcomes


  • Recognize, differentiate, and explain the role(s) of each of the eight parts of speech: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, interjection


  • Use parts of speech correctly in sentences

  • Explain the functions of and differences between English verb tenses, and use them properly in sentences

  • Write sentences with proper subject/verb and subject/pronoun agreement

  • Identify the components of a proper sentence: simple, complex & compound

  • Build and modify sentence structures, appropriately using combinations of

independent and dependent clauses, fragments, and modifiers



Unit 2: Mechanics & Usage: Spelling & Punctuation; Vocabulary; Context (3 hours)


  • Use a dictionary and thesaurus effectively

  • Apply relevant spelling rules to frequently misspelled words: e.g. the differences between contractions & possessives; compound words

  • Add prefixes and suffixes correctly;

  • Explain the functions of punctuation marks and capitalization: comma, full stop, semi-colon, colon, question mark, exclamation mark, apostrophe, quotation marks, dash / hyphen, parentheses

  • Apply rules of punctuation and capitalization to sentences

  • Use the dictionary &/or thesaurus to expand vocabulary

  • Differentiate between frequently confused words e.g. homophones

  • Explain the meanings of words and phrases in various contexts (including idioms, slangs, jargons, & clichés)


Unit 3: Reading Comprehension: Voice & Tone; Discourse & Purpose; Content, Theme & Meaning

  • Examine the relationships between writer, audience, subject and purpose, and assess how these combine to create the context for the written text

  • Identify the point of view, persona, speaker, passive/active voice, attitude to subject/audience, in written texts

  • Differentiate between and identify a variety of written discourses

  • Identify discourse type(s) used in written texts

  • Identify the writer’s purpose in various types of writing

  • Explain how the writer’s tone and content is affected by type of discourse used and purpose for writing

  • Assess if writer’s purpose has been achieved

  • Evaluate the appropriateness of writer’s choice of discourse(s)

  • Identify the writer’s theme(s) & thesis

  • Distinguish between main and supporting points

  • Extract meaning from different kinds of writing (6 hours)




(Mid-module: 2 hours)


  • Units 1, 2, & 3


Unit 4: Textual Analysis & Critical Reading: Identifying Main Points & Supporting

Points; Drawing Inferences; Structural Analysis; Diction; Rhetorical & Literary

Devices; Figurative Language; Style (3 hours)


  • Identify inferences made in written texts

  • Explain connotations used in written texts

  • Identify specific structural strategies used by writer: narration, cause & effect, comparison & contrast, chronological order, process description or analysis, classification & division, advantages & disadvantages

  • Trace and assess the effectiveness of the development of the writer’s main and supporting ideas

  • Identify and explain the effectiveness of the transitions / connectives used by the writer between ideas

  • Explain how and why the writer uses certain words & techniques to enhance or emphasize meaning

  • Describe the writer’s style and explain how it is created by the use of language and structure


Unit 5: Writing I: Pre-Writing Process; Purpose; Thesis; Paragraphing & Organization

(4 hours)


  • Utilize the steps in the pre-writing process: understanding the task, narrowing the subject, brainstorming, clustering, outlining

  • Identify a purpose for writing

  • Formulate a thesis statement based on the purpose for writing

  • Prepare an outline

  • Categorize and organize ideas into paragraphs

  • Distinguish between and write topic and supporting sentences



Unit 6: Writing II: Coherence & Unity; Diction; Tone; Style: Editing & Proofreading (3



  • Use appropriate transitions and connectives between ideas and paragraphs to improve coherence

  • Edit paragraphs to ensure a unified structure and proper organization

  • Include effective & appropriate expressions to create suitable tone & style for purpose chosen: abstract / concrete, general / specific, connotations, formal / informal, figurative and rhetorical devices, sensory appeals, idioms

  • Apply rewriting strategies to drafts to improve coherence

  • Proofread and edit writing to remove errors and improve expression


(Final Assessment: 3 hours)

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